Jind is positioned to the North of Haryana. The district has Patiala on its one end in the North and Sangrur district in Punjab on its northeast. On the Eastern side it is surrounded by Kaithal district and on the Western end Karnal of Haryana. Jind is spread over a geographical area of 2702 square feet. Jind is irrigated by two canals they are: Yamuna Canal and Bhakra canal. Jind district is typically featureless and is mainly flat. The soil is formed by the Pleistocene and sub – recent alluvial deposits of Indo – Gangetic plains. The elevation of the district is between 218 meters and 239 meters above sea level.
Climate of Jind
The typical climate of the district is very dry and it is termed as tropical steppe and semi-arid. During the summer months, the district experiences very hot weather. In winter it is very cold. There are four seasons this district witnesses they are: Cold season from the months of November to March, this is followed by the hot season. Post the hot season comes the South- West Monsoon season.
The monsoon season lasts till the middle of September. After this period the weather shifts to the post Monsoon mode. Post March the temperature soars and June is extremely hot. The mean temperature in the month of June is 41 degrees. The highest temperature that is recorded in the region during summer months is 48 degrees.
Rainfall in Jind
The district receives an average rainfall of 55cm and more than 70% of the rainfall is received, during the monsoon season. The South West Monsoon starts towards the end of June and finishes in September. The month that receives maximum rainfall is August. The rest of the rainfall is scattered throughout the other months of the year. Post the rainy season the temperature falls drastically and nights become very cold.
The humidity during the monsoon season is over 70 percent and it is extremely high in the morning and becomes lesser during the day. Thunderstorms occur during the monsoon season and many a times they are accompanied with the rains during the winter season. The district receives light winds through the summer and winter months.
Typical Rainfall the district receives annually 515 mm
Standard Rainfall received during the monsoon season 433 mm
Maximum Temperature During Rainfall (Mean) 41 degrees, during the months of May and June
Minimum Temperature (Mean) 6 degrees, during the month of January
Number of Rainy days – 26
Type of Soil in Jind
Jind district has extremely uneven soil. In some areas the soil consists of alluvium and in other areas it is a mix of clay, gravel and pebbles. Jind lacks in flora and medicinal plants owing to the hot and dry climate. Many a times in this district, there are sand dunes and sand ridges are formed. The crops that are grown in Jind are Bajra, Jowar, wheat, cotton and gram.
The district has a number of industries under its belt, but not has been very fortunate in terms of climate. Hence agriculture does not contribute much to the economy of the region. Jind does not have any permanent rivers and there is only one small river called as Chautang Nadi and this covers only over ten kilometers in Jind.